Research 2

Practical Research II Quantitative Research

Nature of Inquiry and Research

  1. describes characteristics, strengths, weaknesses, and kinds of quantitative research (CS_RS12-Ia-c-1)
  2. illustrates the importance of quantitative research across fields (CS_RS12-Ia-c-2)
  3. differentiates kinds of variables and their uses (CS_RS12-Ia-c-3)

Identifying the Inquiry and Stating the Problem

  1. designs a research useful in daily life (CS_RS12-Id-e-1)
  2. writes a research title (CS_RS12-Id-e-2)
  3. describes background of research (CS_RS12-Id-e-3)
  4. states research questions (CS_RS12-Id-e-4)
  5. indicates scope and delimitation of study (CS_RS12-Id-e-5)
  6. cites benefits and beneficiaries of study (CS_RS12-Id-e-6)
  7. presents written statement of the problem (CS_RS12-Id-e-7)


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Introduction to Quantitative Research

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Practical Research 2 Fact Sheets

Learning from Others and Reviewing the Literature

  1. Selects relevant literature (CS_RS12-If-j-1)
  2. cites related literature using standard style (APA, MLA or Chicago Manual of Style) (CS_RS12-If-j-2)
  3. synthesizes information from relevant literature (CS_RS12-If-j-3)
  4. writes coherent review of literature (CS_RS12-If-j-4)
  5. follows ethical standards in writing related literature (CS_RS12-If-j-5)
  6. illustrates and explain conceptual framework (CS_RS12-If-j-6)
  7. defines terms used in study (CS_RS12-If-j-7)
  8. lists research hypotheses (if appropriate) (CS_RS12-If-j-8)
  9. presents written review of related literature and conceptual framework (CS_RS12-If-j-9)

Understanding Data and Ways To Systematically Collect Data

  1. chooses appropriate quantitative research design (CS_RS12-IIa-c-)
  2. describes sampling procedure and sample (CS_RS12-IIa-c-2)
  3. constructs an instrument and establishes its validity and reliability (CS_RS12-IIa-c-3)
  4. describes intervention (if applicable) (CS_RS12-IIa-c-4)
  5. plans data collection and analysis procedures (CS_RS12-IIa-c-5)
  6. plans data analysis using statistics and hypothesis testing (if appropriate) (CS_RS12-IIa-c-6)
  7. presents written research methodology (CS_RS12-IIa-c-7)
  8. implements design principles to produce creative artwork (CS_RS12-IIa-c-8)

Finding Answers through Data Collection

  1. collects data using appropriate instruments (CS_RS12-IId-g-1)
  2. presents and interprets data in tabular and graphical forms (CS_RS12-IId-g-2)
  3. uses statistical techniques to analyze data—study of differences and relationships limited for bivariate analysis (CS_RS12-IId-g-3)

Reporting and Sharing Findings

  1. draws conclusions from research findings (CS_RS12-IIh-j-1)
  2. formulates recommendations (CS_RS12-IIh-j-2)
  3. lists references (CS_RS12-IIh-j-3)
  4. presents written research report (CS_RS12-IIh-j-4)
  5. finalizes and presents best design (CS_RS12-IIh-j-5)
  6. presents research workbook (CS_RS12-IIh-j-6)


Ethics research ethics relate to the standards that should be upheld to guard participants from harm or risk. Ethical considerations should be made
at each stage of the research design and include informed consent, voluntary participation and respect for confidentiality.

Intellectual Honesty is an applied method of problem solving in academia, characterized by an unbiased, honest attitude, which can be demonstrated in a number of different ways, including but not limited to:
 One’s personal beliefs do not interfere with the pursuit of truth;
 Relevant facts and information are not purposefully omitted even when such things may contradict one’s hypothesis;
 Facts are presented in an unbiased manner, and not twisted to give misleading impressions or to support one view over another;
 References, or earlier work, are acknowledged where possible, and plagiarism is avoided.

Qualitative Research a method of inquiry employed in many different academic disciplines, traditionally in the social sciences, but also in market research and
further contexts. (

Quantitative Research refers to the systematic empirical investigation of social phenomena via statistical, mathematical or numerical data or computational
techniques. (